If caught early enough, cavities can be treated easily and painlessly by having a filling. Fillings are done to remove decay and replace the affected tooth structure. It is called a filling because new materials are used to fill the holes that the decay left. Most teeth are treated with tooth colored composite resin fillings. If not treated, decay can lead to tooth pain and/or infection. At this point, the tooth would need a root canal or extraction.
Bonding involves adhering a composite resin material that is matched to the color of the tooth, to the front of the tooth. This technique is used for several different reasons, such as; to repair damage done to a tooth by decay, alter the alignment of a tooth, close gaps between teeth, or for cosmetic purposes. First, the surface of the tooth is roughened in order to accept the bonding and hold it. Next, a gel is applied to micro etch the tooths surface. Then a primer/bond agent is applied so the material adheres to the surface. After that, a material is placed on the tooth and hardened with an intense light. Finally, the composite resin material is shaped and polished to get a lustrous finish.
This is used to fill in narrow grooves in a tooth that cannot be adequately cleaned by brushing. In some cases, the tooth structure has fine grooves or pits which accumulate plaque, not because the person does not brush, but because they're too narrow to allow even one bristle into them. If left untreated, these narrow grooves will develop cavities within them, and you do not want that. Therefore, the dentist will brush on a coating that seals the grooves and pits, making it possible to brush off all the plaque and keep your teeth healthy.
NON-SURGICAL GUM TREATMENTS
The gums, ligaments, and bone around the teeth form the foundation for ones teeth. All structures are also referred to as the periodontium. When the periodontium is not healthy, it jeopardizes the teeth; just as a bad foundation would threaten the stability of a house. Signs of unhealthy periodontium (gum disease) may be as follows; gums that are red and bleed easily, persistent bad breath, gums that are pulled away from the tooth, loose teeth, and changes in the position or bite of the individual. Any of these signs may indicate that something is wrong. However, with the proper care, it may be possible to return them to a healthy state. If you are having a problem, schedule an appointment with our office so we can take care of it right away. The treatment usually involves a deep cleaning or root planing done under a local anesthetic, along with local antibiotic agents. If the gum disease gets to severe, it may need to be treated through surgery or extraction. This is why it is important to get it treated at the first sign of a problem.
This is a focused beam of X-ray particles through bone which produces an image on special film, showing the structure through which it passed. This gives the familiar black and white images that doctors and dentists use to diagnose problems. X-rays are a necessary part of the dental diagnostic process, opting not to have them could lead to an undiagnosed disease. Without an X-ray of the whole tooth (including the supporting bone and gum tissues), there is no real way to detect infection or pathology that requires attention.
In our office, we use digital radiography which allows us to take X-rays using 50-70% less radiation versus the conventional X-rays. Coupled with computer monitoring, digital x-ray technology allows us to enhance the images for better diagnosis of any dental concerns.